Ashoo’s Ubuntu Blog

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The authoritative name servers that serve the DNS root zone, commonly known as the “root servers”, are a network of hundreds of servers in many countries around the world.

root-servers

They are configured in the DNS root zone as 13 named authorities. They answers other requests by returning a list of the authoritative name servers for the appropriate top-level domain (TLD). The root name servers are a critical part of the Internet infrastructure because they are the first step in translating (resolving) human readable host names into IP addresses that are used in communication between Internet hosts.

Root Servers

In other words, root servers are responsible for finding the location of the web address you have entered in your browser’s location bar. Once you press ‘Go’, the information will be transferred to the root servers and the actual namservers address or IP responsible for that address will be returned by root servers.

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